Pope Benedict XVI embraces with Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams, left, in London’s Westminster Abbey during an evening prayer service in September 2010.
During the 16th and 17th centuries, nearly all the monarchs and resulting governments of Scotland, Ireland, and England were defined by either Catholicism or Protestantism.
Wanted a Divorce
Henry VIII was the first monarch to introduce a new state religion to the English. In 1532, he wanted to divorce his wife, Catherine of Aragon.
The Catholic service, Holy Communion, and the elaborate fixtures and fittings of Catholic churches taken away during Edward's reign were immediately restored. In 1555,
Parliament passed a set of Heresy laws that made it a crime to be Protestant in England.
Martin Luther nailed his Theses to this door ... Starting the Protestant Reformation.
Pulpit depicting Martin Luther and John Calvin. Protestants emphasize preaching.
The Jesuit order (The Society of Jesus) was approved by Pope Paul III to be a apostolic counter-reformation force, a missionary organization to eliminate Protestantism and to convert Muslims.